William O. Cooper, MD, MPH
Vanderbilt University, 1991
Pediatrics Residency-Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center
Pediatrics Chief Residency-Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center
General Academic Pediatric Fellowship-Vanderbilt University Medical Center
Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN, 1997
Pharmacoepidemiology, Medicaid, TennCare, health disparities, pregnancy, faculty development, professionalism
Dr. Cooper is an epidemiologist with a research program focused on the effects of medications on vulnerable populations of children and the impact of health care systems on patient outcomes. He has published more than 120 manuscripts describing population-based studies of medication use in children and pregnant women in journals such as New England Journal of Medicine, JAMA, Pediatrics, Journal of Pediatrics, JAMA Pediatrics, JAMA Surgery, JAMA Psychiatry.
Dr. Cooper’s research has focused on assessing the safety of medications for a variety of vulnerable populations, including studies of adverse fetal outcomes following psychotropic drugs in children and exposures to medications during pregnancy for populations of women in the Tennessee Medicaid program, with studies of ACE inhibitor exposures and cardiac malformations, effects of antibiotics taken during pregnancy, the fetal effects of immunosuppressive medications taken for autoimmune conditions, and work exploring the fetal effects of opioid medications taken during pregnancy. He has also studied health outcomes for vulnerable populations of children with sickle cell disease. More recent work has focused on the intersection of physician professionalism and health outcomes. He has successfully competed for funding to support his research program and has been the principal investigator for 10 federally funded research projects.
Dr. Cooper's work has influenced policy, including medication labeling by HealthCanada, the US Food and Drug Administration, and the UK MHRA. The Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality released a special Request for Applications for further study of the issue of ACE inhibitor use during pregnancy. By influencing practice in this way, Dr. Cooper's work has reduced the likelihood that children will experience entirely preventable major malformations.
Dr. Cooper has also been a highly effective mentor, having successfully mentored 30 individuals; many currently hold faculty positions and have successfully obtained K awards and R awards.